Crop Cultivation Patterns and Major Crops of India
India’s major population is engaged in agricultural activities. India is geographically diversified country so it has various food crops cultivated in three main seasons: Rabi, Kharif and Zaid.
Classification of crop:
Time of Cultivation
Wheat, Barley, Peas, Gram, Mustard etc.
Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh
Rice, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, Tur, Moong, Urad, Cotton, Jute, Groundnut, Soybean etc.
Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra
Sown and harvested: March-July
Seasonal Fruits, Vegetables, Fodder crops etc.
Most of the Northern and North Western states